How to look after our teeth

Why do we brush our teeth

  • A bacteria biofilm builds on our teeth.
  • The biofilm attaches to the tooth surface and bacteria grow on it.
  • If allowed thousands of bacteria would accumulate and eventually make your teeth go YELLOW or even GREEN!!
  • The bacteria, we call dental plaque, produce acid which burns holes in the teeth, called tooth decay and causes gum disease.
  • The only way to remove the biofilm and the plaque is by toothbrushing.

How do we brush our teeth

  • Manual toothbrush – angle your toothbrush at 45° towards the gum. Use small round and round movements focussing on the junction between the tooth and the gum. Brush both the outside and insides of all your teeth.
  • Electric toothbrush – angle the toothbrush at 45° towards the gum, brush one tooth at a time and lift the brush off before moving on to the next tooth. Slowly move round the outside surfaces and then the inside surfaces.
  • Spit the residual toothpaste into the sink BUT do not rinse with water.
  • Spend 2 minutes brushing your teeth each time.

When do we brush our teeth

  • Twice a day, once before breakfast and once before you go to bed. Do not have any drinks other than water after the night time brushing.
  • Don’t brush your teeth straight after eating or drinking especially it is acidic, this can lead to the enamel being brushed away.


  • Sugar is metabolized by plaque on teeth and increases the acid production which causes holes, which we call decay.
  • Keep all sugar to a minimum except at meal times where it is ok to have a little.
  • Cheese helps neutralise acid so is a good snack for your teeth.